John Sawyer

John Sawyer is a legal expert and writer with over 30 years of experience in the field of law. Throughout his career, John Sawyer has worked on a wide range of legal cases. He is passionate about educating people on their legal rights and helping them navigate the complexities of the legal system.

Why Hiring a Lawyer Is Important in Injury Claims

personal injury claim

You don’t anticipate getting hurt due to someone else’s negligence or crime when you leave the house. Accidents, however, cause more harm than just physical injury.

Many victims have financial difficulties as a result of lost time at work and medical expenses incurred as a result of their injury.

A major personal injury can be traumatic and devastating to your life. You also have to deal with medical bills, paperwork, and insurance companies, all of which can be burdensome while you’re trying to focus on your rehabilitation.

Handling a personal injury claims on your own can be tough, and it may result in a smaller settlement, a lengthy claims procedure, or no compensation at all if not handled properly.

In any personal injury case, an attorney is essential. Despite the fact that many accidents are covered by insurance policies, insurers are often unwilling to pay claims and will try to reduce the amount paid in any manner they can.

The Advantages of Hiring a Personal Injury Lawyer

A personal injury lawyer is an attorney who defends injured accident victims in negligence claims. A personal injury lawyer can assist you in recovering compensation for your losses while also taking on the burden of communicating with the insurance company.

By approaching you shortly after the accident, when stress and uncertainty are at their highest, an insurer may try to persuade you to accept a small percentage of what you are owed.

In order to maximize your damages, you’ll need to hire a personal injury lawyer. A lawyer can not only determine who is to blame for an accident, but also compile a clear and convincing record of facts to support that claim.

A lawyer can provide you with the necessary information and help to successfully prosecute the at-fault party.

Time and Money Savings

Hiring a personal injury lawyer could help you save time during your claim. A lawyer will ensure that you follow the legal processes of the letter.

Avoiding mistakes while filing your claim can reduce back and forth between you and the insurance provider, making the legal procedure more efficient.

You could also get more money if you hire an attorney to help you negotiate a settlement. An insurance carrier’s lowball settlement offer will not be accepted by a lawyer.

Instead, your lawyer will advocate for the highest possible compensation for your losses, assisting you in receiving a higher award.

Your Injury Claim Is Valued Correctly

Knowing how much your injury claim is worth can be difficult, especially if you are unfamiliar with personal injury laws.

To settle your claim, the insurance company will pay as little as possible. The claims adjuster will not tell you whether you are being underpaid.

Your claim is valued by a personal injury lawyer based on your financial losses and non-economic damages.

An attorney knows how to maximize non-economic or pain and suffering damages by utilizing the evidence in your case.

The Process of Filing a Personal Injury Claim

Navigating the personal injury claim procedure without assistance may be tough and confusing, and a single blunder can result in delayed or drastically reduced compensation.

A personal injury lawyer will assist you to gather facts and information, interacting with law enforcement, and comprehending responsibility rules, among other things.

Furthermore, an experienced personal injury lawyer is usually familiar with local courts, which can help speed up the claims procedure.

Your personal injury attorney will take you through the rest of the claims procedure if you correctly and honestly describe the specifics of your accident.

In Court Representation

If you are unable to reach an agreement, your only remaining alternative is to launch a lawsuit, which must be addressed in court. You will need a specialist on your side to plead your case in these instances.

While you may choose to represent yourself, the defending party will almost surely have a professional litigator on their side, and if you want to stand a chance, you’ll need a personal injury attorney with similar experience.

 No Fees if You Lose Your Case.

Most personal injury lawyers work on a contingency fee basis, which means you won’t have to pay anything if they don’t win for you, and if they do win, the fees will be deducted from the compensation, so there’s no need to pay anything upfront.

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Why Hiring a Lawyer Is Important in Injury Claims Read More »

ow the Yadier Molina Injury Could Impact the Cardinals in 2017 and Beyond!

The Cardinals are in a state of rebuilding after the Yadier Molina injury. With the Cardinals losing their best hitter and most reliable catcher, they will have to adjust their game plan to make up for the loss.

The loss of Yadier Molina could be a blessing in disguise for other players on the team who have been waiting for their chance to shine. The Cardinals are going to need all hands on deck in order to stay competitive and win games this year.

The Yadier Molina injury has put the Cardinals in a state of rebuilding but it is also an opportunity for some players who have been waiting for their chance to shine. This article discusses how the Yadier Molina injury will impact what happens this season and beyond with regards to player development and player performance.

What is Yadier Molina’s Injury?

Yadier Molina suffered a foot injury in the game against the Oakland Athletics on April 27, 2018.

Yadier Molina had surgery on his left foot. It was revealed that he has a fracture of the fifth metatarsal bone and it will require surgery to fix.

Yadier Molina is a catcher for the St. Louis Cardinals. On June 8, 2017, he was hit in the face by a pitch and was taken to the hospital. He suffered a broken jaw and cheekbone, which required surgery.

Yadier Molina’s injury is considered to be one of the most gruesome injuries in recent baseball history.

Why is This a Big Deal for the Cardinals?

The Cardinals are one of the most popular teams in MLB. They have a lot of fans, and they have a history of success. But this year has been anything but good for the team.

This is because they lost their ace pitcher, Adam Wainwright, to an injury in early April. They had to rely on their bullpen for the rest of the season, and it was not enough for them to make it into the playoffs.

The Cardinals’ performance this season has made them lose their status as one of baseball’s premier teams.

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The Cardinals Reaction to the Injury:

The Cardinals reaction to the injury was not what many expected. They were able to play with a sense of urgency and purpose that was missing from the game up until that point.

The Cardinals are a team that is widely considered as one of the best in the league. They have won three World Series titles since 2000, but their performance has been inconsistent in recent years.

In this article, we will explore how they came together after losing their star pitcher, Michael Wacha, to injury and how they managed to win against the Dodgers despite adversity.

What Does This Mean for Fantasy Baseball Leagues?

Fantasy baseball leagues are becoming more and more popular. In the past, fantasy baseball wasn’t a mainstream sport. However, with the rise of technology and social media, fantasy sports has become much more accessible for everyone.

A lot of people play fantasy baseball for fun or to make money. It is a great way to get people together in one place and have a good time while also making money from it. With the continued advancement of technology and AI, things are changing in this industry as well.

AI writing assistants can be used to generate content ideas at scale which will help content writers focus on their strengths – creativity and emotions – instead of their weaknesses – skillsets they don’t have.

The Future of the Cards with or Without Yadi – From a Fantasy Baseball Perspective:

The players on the field are not the only ones in the game of fantasy baseball. The cards that are used to keep track of your team and those of your opponents can also be a source of entertainment.

Some people love collecting their cards, while others just enjoy looking at them. There is something magical about seeing a player’s card on a shelf or in a box that makes you want to get closer to it and read what it says.

The future of these cards is uncertain with or without Yadi, but there are ways to make them more attractive for people who might not want to spend money on them anymore.

I’ll also break down the impact of losing Yadi for the Cardinals and their chances in 2018.

The Cardinals are in a tough spot with Yadi out for an undisclosed amount of time, but they could still make it work with his replacement.

The Cardinals are in a tough spot with Yadi out for an undisclosed amount of time, but they could still make it work with his replacement.

Read More : Bobby Roundtree’s Injury Boosts the Power of Personal Injury Lawyers!

ow the Yadier Molina Injury Could Impact the Cardinals in 2017 and Beyond! Read More »

The Secret Inspiring Story of How Bobby Roundtree Got His Life Back On Track!

Bobby Roundtree is a former drug addict who struggled with addiction for nearly 10 years. He’s been clean for more than two years now, and he credits the first meeting with an AI writer as the turning point in his life.

The AI writer helped him overcome his fear of rejection, and Bobby was able to share his story with a potential employer. The company hired him on the spot!

Bobby has since become a successful copywriter at a digital agency in New York City.

Introduction: Visible disability doesn’t stop people from making a life for themselves. Here’s the story of how a paralyzed man took his life back even while unable to walk or talk:

Visible disability doesn’t stop people from making a life for themselves. Here’s the story of how a paralyzed man, who was born without arms and legs, became a professional drummer.

I am not disabled by any means but I have seen my fair share of people who are disabled and they are amazing. They overcome all the odds and make their lives work.

The story of how this man overcame his disability to become a professional drummer is truly inspiring.

Visible disability doesn’t stop people from making a life for themselves. Here’s the story of how a paralyzed man became an international motivational speaker and author.

The introduction is about how not being able to walk or move your body doesn’t stop people from living their life. It’s about the story of a paralyzed man who has achieved great things despite his disability.

Read More : Bobby Roundtree’s Injury Boosts the Power of Personal Injury Lawyers!

How Bobby Roundtree overcame the challenges of living with paralysis and set out on a new career path:

Bobby Roundtree was a successful entrepreneur, but he was paralyzed in a car crash in 2008. He used his experience as an entrepreneur to help him overcome the challenges of living with paralysis and set out on a new career path – being an inspirational speaker.

After the accident that left him paralyzed, Bobby Roundtree’s life changed dramatically. He had to re-learn how to walk and talk, adopt new ways of thinking about what was possible for him, and change his career path. But he didn’t let that stop him from achieving his goals or inspire others around him.

Bobby began speaking at conferences and events about overcoming adversity and how it’s possible to live your life with purpose even when you are faced with challenges that seem insurmountable.

Bobby Roundtree was a student at the University of North Carolina when he was involved in a car accident that left him paralyzed from the waist down. He has since gone on to create a career as a content creator, using his voice and his skills to share compelling stories about his life with others.

I am not yet sure what my future will look like, but I am confident that it will be full of opportunities and possibilities.

What is the Speechless Project?

Speechless is a new project that is aimed at connecting people with the power of words. The project is being led by the creative team behind the award-winning short film, “The Silent Child”.

Speechless was initiated by Aardman Animations, an award-winning British animation studio and creator of Wallace and Gromit. The company has been making films for over 30 years and has collaborated with some of the world’s leading brands including Coca Cola, Disney, Microsoft, Nike and Sony.

Speechless will feature a number of films that aim to explore how people can use their words to make a difference in their communities. These films will be released in partnership with organizations such as UNICEF UK and Oxfam UK.

What does it take to create a life for yourself when you’re completely denied that like Bobby?

When Bobby, a 17-year-old boy with autism, was denied the right to attend any public school or receive any services in his community, he had no choice but to move. He started a new life in a different state and enrolled in online school.

This is not an uncommon story for many Americans with disabilities. More and more people with disabilities are finding themselves left out of society and unable to find work or provide for themselves because they cannot get the support they need.

The author provides an example of how a person with autism was unable to find work because he was denied access to public schools and services. The author also discusses what it’s like when you’re completely denied that like Bobby?

Conclusion: How You Can Start Over Today and Get the Life You Want:

I hope that you will find this article helpful. I have provided some key points at the end of the article to help you get started.

After reading this book, you should be able to see how you can start over today and get the life you want. You will know what it takes to make a change in your life, how to create a better future, and how to take charge of your life.

This is just the beginning of your journey towards a more fulfilled life.

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The Secret Inspiring Story of How Bobby Roundtree Got His Life Back On Track! Read More »

Bobby Roundtree’s Injury Boosts the Power of Personal Injury Lawyers!

Bobby Roundtree is a personal injury lawyer who was hit by a drunk driver while riding his bike. He was left with a traumatic brain injury that left him unable to work.

Bobby’s accident has made him realize that his injury has increased the power of personal injury lawyers and he is now using this power to help other people who have suffered from similar injuries.

Bobby believes that personal injury lawyers should be more aware of the impact their injuries have on them and others.

Personal injury law is a booming industry. With the recent rise in the number of personal injury cases, many lawyers have been struggling to keep up with the demand for their services.

A personal injury lawyer who was injured himself in a car accident is now helping other lawyers and clients who have been injured as well.

Introduction: What is a Personal Injury Lawyer? How Can an Attorney Help You?

A personal injury lawyer is an attorney who specializes in providing legal representation to victims of personal injury. The law firm of a personal injury lawyer usually has a team of different lawyers and staff members who have experience with all types of personal injury cases.

An attorney can help you with your case by handling the initial investigation as well as negotiating on your behalf, handling court proceedings, and representing you in court.

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What are the Benefits of Using a Personal Injury Lawyer?

Having a personal injury lawyer can be beneficial in the following ways:

  • It makes it easier to file a claim.
  • It provides legal representation throughout the entire process.
  • It offers access to experts who can help you with your case.
  • It provides peace of mind that your case is being handled by someone with experience and knowledge of the law.

Personal injury lawyers are experts in the field of law. They have a lot of knowledge about the legal language and can provide legal advice to their clients.

Personal injury lawyers are also known for their expertise in handling cases related to injuries, medical malpractice, and other negligence-related issues.

The Quick Benefits of Using a Personal Injury Lawyer

When we are injured in a car accident, our first instinct is to call the police. However, calling the authorities can be a difficult and time-consuming process. If you are seeking compensation for your injuries, it’s best to hire an attorney as soon as possible.

The benefits of hiring an attorney include:

  • The lawyer will work with you on your case and find out what damages you have suffered.
  • The lawyer will file the necessary paperwork with all government agencies involved in your case.
  • The lawyer will assess what damages your case is worth and negotiate a settlement with the other party’s insurance company if they agree to settle outside of court.
  • They can help you get the compensation that you need to cover medical bills, lost wages and pain and suffering.
  • They can also help with your legal rights if you’re involved in a car accident.

Legal Aid for New Yorkers at Bobby’s Place to Help with Your Legal Needs

Bobby’s Place is a place where people can get legal aid if they are unable to afford the cost of an attorney.

Bobby’s Place provides legal advice, representation, and representation in court for individuals who cannot afford legal services. They also provide free civil legal services for low-income New Yorkers who do not qualify for other types of help.

In order to help with their clients’ needs, Bobby’s Place offers free consultations and workshops on topics such as immigration law, family law, and debt relief.

How can a Criminal Defense Attorney Help with Your Case?

As a criminal defense attorney, I have seen my fair share of cases. I have also dealt with different types of clients. Some clients are just looking for a lawyer to help them get through the process, while others are looking for someone who can help them avoid a conviction or sentence.

In this article, I will be talking about how criminal defense attorneys can help with your case and the different ways that they can do so.

I will also cover some of the things that you should consider before hiring an attorney, as well as some things that you might not know about your current legal team.

Possible Outcomes with a Criminal Defense Attorney on Your Side!

As a criminal defense attorney, I have seen many clients come in with a lot of hope and excitement. They are convinced that they are innocent and that their case is going to be a slam dunk. However, when the trial starts, it all falls apart. The jury sees through their lies and decides that they are guilty.

I have seen many cases where the prosecutor’s argument is so strong that it overwhelms the defense’s argument. These cases can be hard to win without an experienced attorney by your side!

What if You’re Not Guilty? How Can the Criminal Defense Lawyer Help with that Situation too!

The criminal defense lawyer is known for being the person who represents people who are not guilty of the crime they are accused of.

As a criminal defense lawyer, I have to prepare for any scenario that may come my way. This includes preparing for those cases where I am not convinced my client is innocent.

I am going to discuss how a criminal defense lawyer can help with those situations too!

The Risky Business Side of Life:

There is no doubt that the risk of life has increased significantly in the past decade due to the rapid changes in technology. This is partly because of how quickly new technologies come out and partly because of how quickly they are adopted.

In this article, we will discuss how technology can help us to stay safe, but also what risks we may face while using these technologies. We will also discuss some examples of how AI can be used to help reduce our risk in everyday life.

Technology is a double-edged sword – it has both positive and negative effects on society. The question remains whether these risks outweigh all the benefits that technology brings us.

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Bobby Roundtree’s Injury Boosts the Power of Personal Injury Lawyers! Read More »

Alabama’s New Warrant Check Law: What you Need to Know!

The new Alabama warrant check law is an update to the state’s previous law that limited searches without a warrant.

This new law requires that anyone who wants to search a person, place or thing must have a warrant and probable cause in order to do so. This protects citizens from unlawful searches and makes it harder for police officers to violate their rights.

The new law was passed in order to protect citizens from unlawful searches by police officers and make it harder for them to violate people’s rights.

The Alabama State Legislature recently passed a new law that requires law enforcement to obtain a warrant before searching an individual’s cell phone. The new law is a response to the controversial practice of police officers conducting warrantless searches of cell phones.

The legislation was introduced by Republican state Senator Cam Ward and has been signed into law by Governor Kay Ivey.

What is a Warrant Check Law?

Warrant Check Law is a legal procedure which allows the police to check if you have a warrant out for your arrest. This law was implemented in order to avoid false arrests which can result from mistaken identity. A warrant check is a way for law enforcement to search for warrants issued for the arrest of an individual or property.

A warrant check is a legal process that allows law enforcement officers to search for warrants issued for the arrest of an individual or property. The process involves checking public records, such as those found in public court databases and state and federal court records.

A warrant check can help protect people from being arrested unnecessarily, as well as assist in locating missing individuals who may be in danger.

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What Happens if You Don’t Have a Warrant?

If you don’t have a warrant, you can still be arrested for a crime.

If you are arrested without a warrant, the police officer can take your fingerprints and DNA sample. If you are taken to jail, they will search your belongings and make sure that there is no contraband.

If you are not taken to jail, they will likely release you without charges.

How to Check for Warrants

If you are ever stopped by law enforcement, it is important to know how to check if you have a warrant out for your arrest or if they have the right to search your car.

The first step to checking for warrants is knowing what a warrant looks like. A warrant will usually list the charges and dates that they are related to. This can be difficult because there are no specific charges listed on the warrant, but it’s still worth looking into if you’re ever stopped by law enforcement.

Once you know what a warrant looks like, it’s time to do some detective work on yourself. You’ll need to find out when your last conviction happened and then cross-reference that with the date of the warrant in question. If there is a match, then it’s likely that you have a warrant.

Final Thoughts

If you are suspecting that you have a warrant out for your arrest, then you should get in touch with an attorney to find out.

If you are suspecting that there is a warrant out for your arrest, then it is important to contact an attorney immediately. The attorney will be able to help determine whether or not there is a warrant for your arrest and if so, what the charges are.

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Alabama’s New Warrant Check Law: What you Need to Know! Read More »

How to Check if One Has Some Warrant?

The law enforcement agencies have been using the warrant process for a long time to investigate criminal cases and verify the status of people.

However, the process is not always easy and can be time-consuming. It is also not clear how to determine if one has some warrant or not.

The use of warrants has been questioned in recent years due to the lack of trust in government and law enforcement agencies. This has led to a number of questions on how to check if one has any warrant or not.

What is a Warrant?

A warrant is a document that allows law enforcement to search and seize property. They are issued by the issuing court and they are usually valid for a specified period of time.

This introduction will discuss what warrants are, how they work, and the different types of warrants.

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How to Check If One Has Some Warrant?

A warrant is a document that proves some person is authorized to arrest someone for a crime.

A warrant is issued by a judge in the form of a court order that gives police permission to enter and search property and arrest someone. They are issued when there is sufficient evidence of criminal activity.

In the United States, warrants are issued by judges or magistrates. It includes probable cause, which means there must be enough evidence to believe that the person who has been accused committed an offense or violated the la.

How to Clear A Warrant Before It’s Time To Clear It?

The process of clearing a warrant is a complicated one that often leaves room for error. This can lead to trouble for both the individual who has been arrested and their loved ones.

This article will provide you with some tips on how to clear a warrant before it’s time to clear it.

What Can You Do If You Have Some Warrant?

A warrant is a document that can be used to prove ownership of property. It is usually issued by the governing authority of a jurisdiction and it has the power to compel people or organizations to produce evidence or information.

Warrants are often used in order to track down and capture criminals, but they can also be used by private individuals who have lost their property. If you have some warrant, you should know what you can do with it.

When you have a warrant, there are three possible outcomes:

  • The person or entity with the warrant will produce evidence or information
  • The person or entity will not produce evidence
  • The person or entity will not be found.
  • If the outcome is 1, then your job is done and you may want to consider selling your
  • If you have some warrant and you want to find out what that is, then you can use a warrant checker. This is a tool that can help you in your search for the right warrant.

Conclusion & Recapitulation: The Bottom Line Of How To Check Your

Status And How To Remove Any Warrant

The best way to check your status is by using the Warrant Checker. Users can enter their warrant number, and the Warrant Checker will provide them with the status of their warrant.

There are also other methods that users can use to check their status. They include:

  • Go to a police station and ask for a status update on your warrant;
  • Visit a court office or registry office;
  • Contact your local police department/authority;
  • Contact your local sheriff’s office/authority.

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How to Check if One Has Some Warrant? Read More »

The dangers of the Eastern Lightning: The case of the fake refugees

Fake Refugees case

In recent times, The Church of Almighty God movement has grown as much as the negative rumors about it.

The new monotheistic religion, also known as The Eastern Lightning (Quánnéng Shén Jiàohuì in Chinese pinyin) is getting wider day by day and it already counts almost 4 millions proselytes worldwide, especially in China, where it was born, but also in the United States and in Italy.

The growth of its new believers goes at the same speed as the dangers that it implicates and lately the international press can not ignore these questions anymore.

Since from the very beginning, when The Eastern Lightning had just a thousand subscribers, it generated many controversies but to better understand the current situation it is necessary to come back to the origins of the movement.

This cult was created in 1991 by Zhao Weishan, a former teacher who met Yang Xiangbin, a woman who was just 18 years old at the time. Zhao Weishan believed that God reincarnated in Almighty God embodying Yang Xiangbin, the reason for what since then Zhao Weishan started referring to Yang Xiangbin as “he” instead of “she”.

After the foundation, so many shadows started to appear around The Eastern Lightning that the Chinese Government officially banned the cult in 1995 considering it as dangerous as a terrorist organization.

Many of the worries came out from the methods used by The Eastern Lightning in order to lure more proselytes including coercion, fraud, kidnapping, riots, and even murder.

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In fact, on 28th May 2014, in a McDonald’s restaurant in the city of Zhaoyuan, six missionaries of The Eastern Lightning forced the commensals to provide their personal phone number in order to be contacted at a later time but, when a woman refused to give that information, they killed her.

Even if the facts were undoubtedly clear, some newspapers tried to discredit what really happened, pointing the finger at a different cult. By the way, all this defamation came from Bitter Winter, a newspaper that publishes articles largely recognized as imprecise and free of trustworthy sources. Furthermore, the newspaper is known for its position pro the USA.

Another recent problem concerning The Church of Almighty God is about the recruiting of new believers through social media. Facebook has become a strong instrument to connect huge amounts of people and through fake accounts the missionaries of the Eastern Lightning are contacting many innocents trying to convert them, asking them for money, and destroying their faith. In fact, the word “Almighty” is just a sneaky way to falsify the Christian religion in order to attract more and more people.

But nowadays the most controversial question about The Church of Almighty God refers to the request of the status of refugees in foreign countries.

In fact, in the last months, an increasing number of Chinese citizens are asking to be accepted in the United States, Canada, South Korea, and European Union claiming that in China they are persecuted for religious causes.

If at the first glance could seem legit asking for the status of refugee if someone feels the risk of oppression in its country, in reality, we are just witnessing a weak attempt to escape from justice and take advantage of being in a different country.

Why should we consider these requests illegitimate?

First of all, it’s hard to define a cult. What is the difference between a lawful religious movement and a group of criminals who hide their infractions behind an artificial faith?

A Christian oppressed in Sudan or a Muslim oppressed in Myanmar represent issues so far from some cyber-recruiters who make crimes in the name of a new God.

By the way, the requests of the status of refugee carried out by Chinese citizens to the foreign countries are increasing lately since the numbers of the new believers of The Eastern Lightning are growing too!

Just in Italy, more than a thousand of requests came from China, most of them from proselytes of the Eastern Lightning.

But how can foreign countries face this problem?

In fact at the first time, within the confusion created by the newborn cult, many requests were accepted but now the foreign countries are starting to reflect on their legitimacy since The Eastern Lightning members could be just escaping criminals and many cases were rejected.

This problem also causes many and different consequences because, for example, once that a person has obtained his status of refugee in Italy, he can access government funding for his position.

So, how is it possible to legally reject these illegitimate requests?

For example, according to an article published on 1st May by Lund.News, the Center for Information and Advice on Harmful Sectarian Organizations (CIAOSN) under the Ministry of Justice of the Belgian Federal Government listed 13 harmful standards that can help to detect which cults are potentially dangerous. If a cult meets one or more listed standards, so probably it should be considered illegal and their proselytes can not obtain their status of refugee if persecuted for religious causes.

The criteria are the following as reported by the Congressional Investigation Committee on 28th April 1997:

  1. Misleading or abusing recruitment methods.
  2. Use mental manipulation.
  3. Physical or mental (psychological) abuse of believers or their family members.
  4. Depriving believers or their families of medical care.
  5. Acts of violence against believers, their families, third parties, and even children, especially sexual violence.
  6. Divide believers with their families, spouses, children, family members, and friends.
  7. Kidnap children or take them away from their parents.
  8. Deprive them of their freedom to secede from religion.
  9. Disproportionate financial requirements, fraud, misappropriation of funds and property, harm the interests of believers.
  10. Unjustly interfere with the work of believers.
  11. Stigmatize a democratic society and completely break with it.
  12. The desire to destroy society for the benefit of the organization.
  13. Use illegal means to seize power

Creating ideological chaos, extorting believers’ money, seeking huge profits, infiltrating influential posts and governmental bodies, cults seriously threaten our social order and national security.

So it is legitimate to believe that The Church of Almighty God meets not only one of these criteria. For that reason, the government of Belgium recognized the Eastern Lightning as an illegitimate cult and, as a consequence, all the requests from their believers will be automatically rejected.

By the way on the other side, according to the statistics, Italy has become the most desirable country for the proselytes of the Church of Almighty God to ask for the status of refugee and, consequently, obtain the subsidies of the State. The most common cause for their believers is to enter the country with just a simple touristic visa and then apply for the status of refugee.

For all of these reasons, it is desirable that everyone knows the reality behind this dangerous cult in order to protect the innocent people and avoid that The Eastern Lightning keep growing using their illegal methods.

The dangers of the Eastern Lightning: The case of the fake refugees Read More »

Experienced Car Accident Attorneys In Glendale

Experienced car accident attorneys in glendale

Every year, over 80,000 people are injured or killed in auto collisions in Los Angeles County alone. In 2016, the number of  traffic accidents  in Los Angeles soared by nearly 20 percent from the previous year to 55,350. Additionally, 2017 saw a 22% increase in crash fatalities from the same period in 2016, where over 40,000 fatalities were reported within the city limits (with pedestrians comprising nearly half of those fatalities).

As of 2018, Los Angeles had the highest rate of injury-causing and fatal traffic accidents in the nation.

Such accidents are often the result of recklessness or negligence on the part of another party. But while speeding is perhaps the most well known cause behind traffic accidents,

Other commonly cited causes can include:

  • Driving at night
  • Aggressive driving (i.e. road rage)
  • Driving under the influence of drugs or alcohol
  • Smoking while driving
  • Texting or speaking on a cell phone while driving
  • Lane-splitting
  • Fatigued driving
  • Failing to merge and yield properly
  • Following too closely

Living in the Los Angeles area means you are at a greater risk of experiencing an auto accident, regardless of whether or not you are a safe and cautious driver.

If you have been injured in an auto accident, you may have multiple concerns over medical expenses, long or short-term disability and wage losses stemming from an inability to work, having to endure the arduous process of negotiating a settlement with insurance companies, and costly medical bills from healthcare providers. You are not alone.

The Dordulian Law Group is staffed with a team of qualified car accident attorneys having more than 18 years of experience helping accident victims secure exceptional compensation settlements.

Our car accident injury lawyers are equipped with the tenacity and passion required to ensure you receive the largest possible settlement for your injuries.

The Dordulian Law Group’s team of dedicated and caring attorneys are available 24 hours a day, 7 days a week to discuss your unique accident situation, answer any questions you have, and put your mind at ease knowing we will serve as a fierce ally that fights on your behalf.

We are available at any time to meet with you for a free consultation to discuss your options. You will not be responsible for any legal fees if we do not secure compensation on your behalf.

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What is the Product Lawyer

Something happened – you may have used something properly and had it injure you or you took a pill and got sick or you ate some food and got gravely ill. What next?

You want a product liability lawyer. This is not to be confused with a product lawyer who acts as counsel for a certain company and acts as a bridge between the legal and business sides. Now to learn more about what they go after.


Defective Products

 Think about things like car airbags, car ignition switches, and even earplugs. These are all supposed to be rigorously tested to make sure they are safe. There have been lawsuits alleging that the companies ignored bad testing results that wound up having consumers injured.



 There are times when people take prescribed drugs or even over-the-counter (there is a big lawsuit against Zantac now) and have a side effect. This can be because of the drug manufacturer making a defective product and not warning physicians about it. The physician then prescribes the drug and the patient suffers as a result of this.

A drug manufacturer can claim that something is “unavoidably unsafe”, which means that there is danger no matter how they try to make it. These must come with warnings about any side effects, which may still outweigh whatever the patient is going through. That’s why you see commercials and ads where there is a long list of potential side effects that take up half the time of the ad – they are covering themselves from potential cases.


Food Poisoning

 Food vendors are supposed to sell things that are safe for people to eat when they are stored and cooked properly. If someone gets food poisoning despite following all the correct procedures, then they may have a product liability case. The company that sold the food, like a supermarket, may be held liable.

There are variables here and they must prove that they did everything properly and still became ill. This also has to go beyond just being sick for several hours in one day and then feeling normal. The lawyer may go after a negligence ruling or even a breach of warranty.

 There will be product liability lawyers on both sides, likely. One defending you and the other defending the company – this may be the company’s own lawyer. Your lawyer will be aiming to get you or your family members compensation for what happened. If they get you that, then they will consider their job done.

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The Benefits of hiring a collaborative divorce lawyer for divorce in Colorado

The Benefits of hiring a collaborative divorce lawyer for divorce in Colorado

Collaborative divorce is also a kind of divorce wherever each party arranges a dependent resolution, while not the selection of following the opposite action. It’s a kind of mediation, except it involves each parties’ lawyers rather than a neutral third party. Collaborative divorce begins with a contract stipulating that neither side’s lawyers can pursue proceeding or trial action if an associate agreement isn’t reached.

Collective law alludes to the means toward eliminating queries from the “battle and wins” setting of a court into a “investigate and issue settle” setting of arrangements. later on, a collective law separate is associate interaction by that gatherings use intercession and dealings to settle their separation.

A few courts even build it obligatory that separate parties rummage around for intervention or synergistic separation beneath the steady gaze of disputing in court. Note that it takes 2 willing takes interest for a collective law separation to figure. On the off probability that your companion is hesitant, intercession and exchanges could be unproductive.

What are the advantages of employing a collaborative divorce?

There are varieties of advantages to having the ability to avoid using the court process to resolve your divorce issues. A number of the more important benefits of employing a collaborative model are that it:

Sets aside cash;

Saves time;

Happens in a casual setting;

Includes the free, open, casual, and fair trade of data;

Permits you to choose now how to deal with post-settlement debates; and

Permits you to arrange an outcome that works for you.

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The Best Turkish Immigration Lawyers

WiklundKurucuk law firm, which has been with you in your legal transactions for nearly 50 years, also operates in the field of immigration law with its Turkish immigration lawyer team. The Experts team in their field supports you practically completing the procedures required by the legal legislation by eliminating all your questions in immigration law transactions.

Lawyers, where you can get service in different languages such as English, Swedish, Chinese, Russian besides Turkish, are among the best Turkish immigration lawyers. If you are looking for a Turkish Immigration Lawyer with international competence for your immigration application and procedures, you can meet the experienced team of WiklundKurucuk law firm.

How to Immigrate to Turkey?

Turkey is one of the countries where foreigners want to immigrate to by both a high standard of living and the climate. Turkey allows immigrants from different countries thanks to health, education and social services which increase the quality of life.

Business opportunities and growing economy offer countless alternatives for many people. It also maintains its charm with its climate and nature. All these reasons enable thousands of people to apply for citizenship right every year. So what do you need to immigrate to Turkey?

Requirements to immigrate to Turkey

You need to meet some criteria for migration to create a new life in Turkey. The criteria to be fulfilled for this are examined in detail by the authorities authorized in the legislation. First of all, If you immigrate to Turkey as part of regular migration, you need to meet the visa requirements upon arrival based on your nationality.

After that, you also need to get residence permit to stay and continue your life in Turkey. Residence permit which means official permission that enable foreign citizens to live in Turkey, will be obligatory for everybody visa or visa exemption or the end of the stay more than 90 days. So, anyone who wants to stay in Turkey out of the specified period must apply for a residence permit.

How to Apply for Residence Permit?

Residence permit application can be made online using the e-residence system. This stage is named pre-application. After your pre-application is completed, you need to go to the immigration management directorate with the necessary documents in the province or district where you plan to reside at the appointment day and time, which you can see on the system. So you can complete the immigration application process.

Foreign citizens who are not present at the immigration directorate on the specified date in the pre-application are considered as they have never applied. Your application made with the necessary documents is examined in detail and an evaluation is made.
With all these processes, you can contact the experienced immigration lawyers of WiklundKurucuk law firm for all your questions. Turkish immigration lawyers support the rapid progress of the process by performing legal transactions on your behalf at every stage.

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What do business litigation attorneys do?

The answer to the question, what do business litigation attorneys do?, depends on how the lawyer plans to use his or her skills. Tampa lawyers, for instance, might argue in court that a competitor’s trademark was illegally adopted when the company that owned it took its name from an earlier company. They might seek damages for the harm they have suffered, or ask a judge to rule that the competitor’s patent was unneeded and unjustified. These are only a few examples of the types of cases that can be argued in court. Visit for expert legal assistance.

But there are many more situations that might call for the services of a business litigation attorney. A Tampa lawyer, for instance, might argue that a manufacturer abused patents or breach of contract laws when it came to producing a particular product. If the argument is strong enough, the manufacturer could be forced to change its ways or pay a substantial fine.

Tampa lawyers are also adept at handling other areas of the law. For instance, they can often be sought after to represent a small business that has been harmed by regulations passed by regulatory bodies. Such regulations might protect consumers from products that cause cancer or other serious health problems. The profits of large manufacturers are threatened by lawsuits that hold them liable for causing such illnesses. The legal fees, these businesses must pay may put their financial solvency at risk.

One more example of what to do business litigation attorneys do when representing a client who wants to sue a government agency is when they are defending a protest against arrest for participating in an illegal act. Sometimes a professor will face arrest after blocking an intersection or other public highway. A lawyer representing the individual may argue that he or she is being peaceful when participating in such actions. The argument often turns on what exactly is meant by the phrase “unlawful” under the circumstances.

What do Commercial Lawyer Do? When representing clients suing another person or company for slander, libel or other claims of a law suit, a lawyer can often use what are called “opinion evidences”. These types of evidence often come from witnesses that contradict the claims of the opposing party. This process often proves to the court that the plaintiff has a strong case. Once such testimony is introduced into the case, it can significantly change the outcome of the case.

What does Commercial Lawsuit Attorney Do? The work of a commercial litigation attorney is far-reaching. As a general rule, they are found in every state and litigating all manner of lawsuits that touch on business, product or service regulation, intellectual property rights, contract disputes, real estate matters, advertising and promotion, franchising, negligence and even tax controversies.

They are intimately involved in litigating such issues as labor and employment issues, commercial leases and landlord/tenant issues. In short, if you have been accused of or think you have been accused of a crime or wrong doing, the advice of a commercial litigation attorney is the only way to find the resolution of your legal issues.

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What questions should I ask a personal injury lawyer?

What questions should I ask a personal injury lawyer?

If you have been injured in an accident, you may be wondering what questions to ask a personal injury lawyer. In fact, you are not the only one who wonders what questions to ask a personal injury lawyer. There are many more people asking the same questions. Here are some suggestions that may help you find the right questions to ask a personal injury attorney. Visit this website to get started.

First of all, the best time to find out what questions to ask a personal injury lawyer is when you are in the process of hiring one. You may be interviewing potential personal injury lawyers. This means that you will need to ask them these questions before they can give you the answers you are looking for.

One of the most important questions you should ask a lawyer is how long he or she has been practicing. Find out how long he or she has been working at the specific law firm. If you are looking for legal help, you will likely not want to hire someone who hasn’t been working for a long period of time. This will help you avoid wasting your time with someone who will not be able to do a good job for you. You also want to find out how long the lawyer has been working with other clients.

Next, ask yourself what caused your accident. If you were not at fault, this is the easiest question to answer. However, if you were the victim in an accident, you may have questions about who was at fault. Was it you or was it another vehicle? Was the accident your fault or was it the other party’s fault? These are all important questions to ask a personal injury lawyer about.

Nother important question to ask a lawyer is what kind of settlement he or she can offer you after your accident. Many lawyers offer free consultation visits to talk about the specifics of your case. However, some of them charge a fee for this visit.
Now that you have some questions about what questions to ask a personal injury lawyer, you can make your appointment now.

During your consultation, don’t hesitate to ask any questions you may have. You never know how helpful they can be until you’ve had a personal injury case. You need to take the best care of your financial situation, including protecting your rights, so you should never settle for a shoddy settlement. As soon as you have found the right lawyer and you feel comfortable with him or her, you should schedule an initial meeting to get to know one another.

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Can workers comp tap your phone?

Can workers comp tap your phone?

YES. A workers comp tap your phone might hire a private investigator, and the duty of this private investigator is to help companies find out when a particular worker is committing workers compensation fraud.

A private investigator may use a variety of tools to help monitor allegedly injured employees. They may follow a target during his or her time off and when he or she is supposed to be receiving medical treatment. He or she may take photographs or video of these activities, especially when the activities do not correspond with the reported injuries. Surveillance may be used even if the benefits have been paid or when the benefits have been denied in an attempt to help the employer’s case. Surveillance is one of the most common methods that private investigators use to record incriminating evidence against the employee.

Surveillance may be conducted by one or more private investigators using sophisticated cameras and video equipment while tracking the movements of the target. Other ways that private investigators track the employee’s movements and monitor the employee include calling the employee at his or her residence under false pretenses or by talking to an employee’s neighbors about other jobs or activities.

Another way that private investigators may monitor employees who have filed workers’ compensation claims is by tracking their internet activity. Social media websites may show supposedly injured employees who are skiing, white water rafting and participating in other high-energy activities after asking for thousands of dollars in benefits for a work-related injury. Individuals who are concerned that a private investigator may be following them for this reason are often advised by legal counsel and their own private investigator not to post any type of picture or comment that may be misinterpreted.

In some instances, employers may provide employees with cell phones. If this is the case, the employer may have stated that employee cell phones may be monitored. Private investigators may have spyware installed on these phones in order to monitor an employee’s movements and activities. The private investigator would make videos and take photographs of this worker, especially when the activity doesn’t relate to their injuries.

Even after paying a worker’s compensation benefit, surveillance is essential even if the employers denied the claim. Monitoring is a popular method private investigators make use of when gathering criminal evidence against a worker. The use of sophisticated video equipment and cameras when carrying out surveillance is essential. Apart from tapping an individual phone, a private investigator can adopt another method like using a fake pretense to speak with the worker at their home or conversing with their neighbor.

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What do I need to know before hiring a personal injury lawyer?

What do I need to know before hiring a personal injury lawyer?

You have been injured in an accident and now you are wondering what do I need to know before hiring a personal injury lawyer? The answer to that question is not that hard and the first thing you need to do is to make sure you are in a position to defend your legal rights fully. Now, if you find yourself in an Atlanta Georgia court room you will be fighting for your financial and medical future against the insurance company of the other party. This is the reason why it is important for you to hire a professional in the personal injury field who has the knowledge and experience to fight effectively on your behalf. Contact Kaine Law to get started today.

If you think that your insurance company will provide you with a settlement, then think again. Most of the time, they will only provide you with the partial payment and even if they agree with the terms of the settlement they will never agree to pay you anything near the amount they would have paid if you had fought to the end. So the question is what do I need to know before hiring a personal injury lawyer? The answer is simple. He needs to have the skills, knowledge and experience necessary to represent you in the best possible manner possible. Most of the time, the insurance companies will fight tooth and nail to avoid paying you anything and this is why you need to hire someone who is familiar with the legal tactics used in such situations.

In today’s highly charged personal injury litigation environment there are many factors that determine your eligibility to represent a client in a court of law. For example, are you a woman? Men or both? Age? All these factors play their part and hence you need to find a personal injury lawyer who has all the required qualifications and skills required to fight your case in the best possible manner.

The second most important question that you need to ask yourself before hiring a personal injury lawyer is what is the cost involved? It goes without saying that a reputable personal injury lawyer will not charge you fees as a sign of appreciation for your services. On the other hand, you will find that some of them will charge you a percentage of the settlement amount as their fee. So be sure to clarify this point before hiring one.

Another question that you need to ask yourself before hiring a personal injury lawyer is – how long do they intend to take my claim? There are lawyers who will take as much as one year to get a claim resolved while there are those who settle within a much shorter period of time. However, make sure you do not hire an irrelevant expert for the purpose. If you are looking for advice and guidance in relation to personal injury litigation, then it is advisable that you look for individuals who have expertise in that particular area and have a great deal of knowledge about the laws in that particular state or country.

The last question that you need to ask yourself before hiring a personal injury lawyer is – does this person have backup documentation in the event that the case gets lost in the appeals process? The law takes precedence over everything else and if you lose the appeal then you will have no evidence to help you with the next step. So make sure that your personal injury lawyer has evidence on which he or she bases his or her arguments. If not then you can be rest assured that you are facing a loss that is not worth fighting.

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Should I get a lawyer for a motorcycle accident?

Should I get a lawyer for a motorcycle accident?

If you are in the middle of a motorcycle accident and you are not sure if you should seek the help of an attorney, then you need to find out more information. The first thing that you should consider is the nature of your injury and the severity of it. It is important to remember that no one in their right mind wants to admit to being injured in a motorcycle accident, but the truth is that you were a victim. The first thing that you should do is get a professional assessment of your case from a qualified personal injury lawyer in Atlanta. This way you will have a clear idea of what options you have and how much compensation you should be looking for.

Now that you have an idea about the details of your case, you can decide if you want to try to get yourself treated at a hospital or take the matter to the court room. Some people feel that they need to be treated more carefully than others since this is the fault of the medical staff at the scene of the accident. When you have a lawyer with you though, you will have someone who knows how to proceed with your case. Most attorneys will take your medical records and other relevant documents when preparing your case for trial. This way they can prove that you were not only injured in the accident, but also that the injuries you have sustained are really serious.

There are a number of reasons why you should consider hiring a personal injury attorney to represent you in your case. One of the biggest reasons would be so that you have someone who can explain the legal process to you. In addition, having an attorney on your side will give you more time to think about the case and work out a solution that works best for you. Another advantage to having a lawyer is that he or she will be able to protect your rights as well as fight for your compensation. It will be a waste of time to try to fight your case on your own as a person without experience in personal injury cases.

Another reason to hire a personal injury attorney when you are involved in a motorcycle collision is that they are often able to handle your case much better than you would be able to if you tried to represent yourself. Without the proper knowledge and training, attempting to represent yourself in a personal injury case is almost impossible. For example, unless you have had years of experience practicing law, you would probably have a hard time convincing a jury that you were not at fault for the accident. On the other hand, an experienced attorney will be able to use a number of different techniques to convince a jury that you are not at fault for the accident. They will do everything possible to make sure that your compensation case is as fair as possible. Contact Kaine Law to get started on your case.

A third reason to hire a lawyer when you are involved in a motorcycle collision would be to ensure that you get the maximum amount of compensation that you are entitled to. Even if your insurance company pays your medical bills, lost wages, and any other outstanding costs, these may not be enough to cover your full repair bill. This is where a personal injury attorney comes into play. Because they have the expertise and the knowledge to fight for your right to compensation, an experienced lawyer will bring your claim to a successful conclusion. To make sure that you hire a professional who has this type of track record, ask for references from past clients, and talk to them about the experience that they had with the lawyer.

When you are involved in a motorcycle accident, you do not just stand a chance of walking away with any money. If you are not careful, you could end up paying thousands of dollars in legal fees and medical bills. Without an experienced lawyer on your side, you could lose thousands of dollars and never see a penny of compensation from the accident. In addition to this, if you try to represent yourself in court without the proper knowledge, you could face serious consequences. With so many things to consider, it only makes sense to find out what you should not do when you think you might be involved in a motorcycle accident.

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What Do Immigration Lawyers Do?

What Do Immigration Lawyers Do?

Immigration lawyers differ from most lawyers because they spend most of their time helping others who are having difficulty with immigration requirements. Immigration lawyers act as advisors to foreign immigrants and citizens who must present a case to the United States immigration authorities. This could include a wide range of applications, including citizenship, green cards, deportation issues, naturalization, or employment for those who are not citizens.

While you’re not required to hire an immigration lawyer for these issues, making any mistake on your application can result in deportation, a denied application, or unnecessary delays. It’s necessary to consult an immigration lawyer to ensure you’re getting the proper help and guidance to move your case forward. Let’s talk about precisely what immigration lawyers do during an immigration case.

Assess Your Current Situation

Before even starting the process, you’ll set up a consultation with your immigration lawyer. During your time together, you’ll discuss details of your case and specific situation. Once the immigration lawyer understands what your problem is, they’ll be able to advise you of what route to take and what the requirements will be. They’ll find solutions to issues that may be holding you back from applying for a visa or citizenship.

Fill Out Paperwork

Whether you’re applying for a visa or citizenship, you can be sure that you’ll need to fill out multiple forms and gather information to prove that you’re eligible for the status you’re seeking. Each application is very long and requires very specific instructions to complete it correctly. If you make a mistake or forget something on your paperwork, you could be denied or face significant delays.

Immigration Lawyers deal with this paperwork regularly. They have streamlined processes and the proper knowledge to make sure your application is prepared correctly. Immigration lawyers will ensure that your application is filled out completely and accurately, so you know your case is being pushed in the right direction.

Find Solutions to Your Unique Situation

Besides consulting, strategizing, and filling out paperwork, Immigration Lawyers spend most of their time ensuring that the law is being used in your favor while finding solutions to complicated problems. Some situations that immigration lawyers will work through include:

  • Medical conditions of the applicant
  • Previous deportation of the application
  • Speeding up long waits during the application process
  • Deportation or removal proceedings
  • Marriage visas
  • Divorced marriage visas
  • Work visas
  • Children immigration visas

These are just a few examples of the types of cases an immigration lawyer may face. Immigration lawyers will work through your specific issue to find a roadmap or solution to your problems. Immigration lawyers are dedicated to your case and ensuring it is taken seriously so you’ll receive the results you need.

Choosing an immigration lawyer for your immigration case is a no-brainer because of how much they contribute to the success of your case. It will save you so much trouble, time, and money by investing your resources in someone who has dealt with a case like yours before.


Rick Sterger is a licensed attorney practicing immigration law throughout the United States.  His practice, located in San Diego, California represents client before United States Citizenship and Immigration Services, Executive Office of Immigration Review (Immigration Court), Board of Immigration Appeals, and Circuit Courts of Appeals.  Rick proudly maintains the practice of providing his initial client consultation for FREE.  To schedule a consultation, call (760) 260-8158 today.

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High Court Enforcement Officer Powers

High Court Enforcement Officer Powers

When a high court Enforcement Officer has contacted you, it means one among your creditors has skilled court action to reclaim a debt. high court Enforcement Officers in Scotland are referred to as Sheriff Officers or Messengers-at-Arms. they will even be mentioned as Judicial Officials, and both of them have the proper to require enforcement action against you.

You do not necessarily disregard a Sheriff’s Officer or Messenger-at-Arms touch or contact. To pay the cash owed fully, challenge the loan, or discuss an installment schedule, you’d got to come to an understanding. Otherwise, to require possession of things at the expense of the loan, action would be taken against you.

Creditor’s Inability to Gather Their Debt

A Judicial Officer or high court Enforcement Officers letter or visit might not be a complete surprise as many efforts have already been made to reclaim the debt in question. Judicial Officers enter the debt collection process only in any case possible means are rejected by a borrower.

This failure to recover their debt may are attributed to a scarcity of response from you because the claimant, or an off-the-cuff settlement agreement that did not succeed. Until court proceedings, the creditor may have given a final notice for payment.

It is critical that you simply take expert advice on what you ought to do next. you’ve got access to use expertise to assist you to create an informed decision by consulting a registered Insolvency Lawyer.

You may have obtained documents from the court by the time you’ve got made touch with a supreme court Enforcement Officer or Messenger-at-Arms. An order for a Time to Pay agreement could are denied, during which case the officer may contact you with reference to executing the court decree.

The Enforcement of A Court Decree

The regulation of debt in Scotland is named ‘diligence.’ the sort of an action(s) taken against you after a writ has been issued depends on your particular situation, including the sort and amount of debt due.

You will be presented with a Fee for Reimbursement by a Judicial Officer/High Court Enforcement Officer and given a Debt Advice and knowledge Guide. At now, if the debt is a smaller amount than £ 25,000, you’ll also apply for a Time to Pay order, but must do so or pay the debt fully within 14 days so as to stop action.

The creditor could also be ready to seek quite one bench warrant if the debt continues unpaid, but an unprecedented Attachment Order for items inside the residence is generally only issued in any case avenues have expired.

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How long does it take to settle a car accident lawsuit?

How long does it take to settle a car accident lawsuit? That is the question that has preoccupied my mind for quite some time. If you are one of those people who have been victims of such unfortunate incidents, I will like you to know that there is a solution on how to get compensations for you and other victims that were injured in these accidents. This can be done by Atlanta Georgia law firms that are experts in these kinds of cases. Contact Kaine Law for help with a car accident lawsuit.

It is always a tedious and lengthy process when a case goes to court. You have to bear witness to others getting scolded, humiliated and pushed around in a trial. On the contrary, if you decide to go with a settlement, you will be at peace as you will get your compensations without having to go through such painful ordeal. In most of the cases settled out here in Atlanta, you will be given a certain percentage of the total cost of the accident.

This is the best solution that you can get in order to get a fair and just compensation for your injuries. The Atlanta legal authorities are well acquainted with the Atlanta based lawyers. They know all about the Atlanta Georgia state courts and the judges that work there. Moreover, they also get to meet up with the doctors and other witnesses that are required in the case going forward. Such a collaborative effort by the attorneys here guarantees you an easy win.

Another important factor is that it will save you a lot of money. It is not very often that you get to hear that lawyers get paid based on the number of cases they handle. In most of the instances, they get their fees when the case gets successfully disposed. In the event of successful settlement, you will have to pay nothing more than what you would have otherwise required to fight the case. This gives you an edge over most of the other people who are trying to proceed with the case.

In case you are wondering how long does it take to settle a car accident case, there are many factors that affect this process. In most of the cases, the amount of damage is the deciding factor that determines the final settlement amount. The judge will also take into consideration the financial situation of each party before reaching a conclusion.

If you are a victim in such a case, then you will certainly be in a weak position. You will be left with no money to get the treatment that you need. As soon as the accident is cleared, you will have to pay all the medical bills and repair the damages that were caused to your vehicle. The Atlanta car accident lawyers know this fact and they will do everything possible to help you out. They will ensure that you get the best settlement in the court as well as in the financial field.

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How long do car accident settlements take?

How long do car accident settlements take?

How long do car accident settlements take? That depends on the facts of each case. In some cases, the settlement amount is an amount that is received shortly after the event occurs. In other instances, a settlement may be for a long duration. The time period can run anywhere from a few weeks to even a few years.

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The first step in determining a settlement’s length is to determine which party is the victim in the case. This could involve determining who is at fault, if anyone, and what type of damages are being sought. For example, in a case involving a car wreck caused by another vehicle, one driver may be held liable for injuries to a pedestrian that was hit by the second vehicle. The settlement will be longer in this case because of the other driver’s responsibility for the accident.

In cases where there are no injuries or wrong doing on the behalf of the defendant, then car accident settlements may take a very long time to come out. Many cases do not result in monetary compensation because they were ruled in favor of the defendant. These cases may result in a case re-taken in the future when new evidence becomes available. Sometimes it takes many years for a case to come to trial and determine if there were any wrong doing on the behalf of the defendant.

If a settlement is agreed upon before a case is filed, there is little time to do anything else with it. In the event that a lawsuit is brought against someone involved in an auto accident, the time to file a suit is generally over nine months. If both sides agree to settle out of court, this settlement will become official and the case is closed. However, sometimes both sides still want to proceed with a trial. Settlement negotiations often cannot continue for more than ninety days due to the resources that must be dealt with in the case.

How long do settlements take? They normally take about three years, but it can take longer depending on how complex the case is. A personal injury case can take longer to settle because of the extensive nature of the case and the amount of medical records that must be collected. In many instances, personal injury cases go to trial before a settlement agreement has been reached because it can take a long time to decide how much compensation will be determined.

How long do car accident settlements take? They typically will be determined based on the results of the initial case. If the case ends in a settlement, then the settlement amount will be divided between the plaintiff and defendant. If the case does not end in a settlement, then the case will go forward and a jury will decide the case results.

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What qualifies as a personal injury?

What qualifies as a personal injury?

Personal injuries can occur in many different ways. If you have been injured at work or in a sports incident, you may have a case against the other party. You also may have a case if you have been injured at home, at a shopping mall, or at a bus station. No matter what the nature of the injury, you need the advice of an Orlando personal injury attorney to get the compensation you deserve. In these instances, it is essential to take the time to do your homework and consider your options. 

As a personal Injury lawyer, I am often asked what qualifies as personal injury? This is a complicated question that requires a comprehensive answer. Because we are dealing with insurance companies here, it is important for you to understand what type of compensation you are entitled to receive. Some common examples of compensation include loss of wages, pain, and suffering, damages to property, and punitive damages.

Another question that frequently arises when people seek legal advice regarding negligence is whether they should sue another person because of negligence. While there are times when a person is sued for negligence, it is usually in the context of medical malpractice or some other such incident. Before discussing your rights under these circumstances, you must be aware that unless your case is fairly straightforward, you should seek the advice of an experienced personal injury attorney. The following paragraphs will discuss what qualify as personal injury and why you should consult an attorney as soon as possible.

As previously mentioned, a typical personal injury case stems from automobile accidents or defective products. In addition, medical malpractice cases are on the rise. In any event, if you are considering filing a medical malpractice claim, it is extremely important to obtain the services of a qualified medical malpractice attorney. An experienced medical malpractice attorney will understand the details of the law as well as your particular situation. In fact, without a medical malpractice attorney, filing a medical malpractice case could prove to be extremely difficult and expensive.

There are also many situations where individuals who suffer vehicle accidents are entitled to recover compensation for their injuries. Again, in many instances, an experienced car accident lawyer will be necessary in order to determine whether or not you are eligible for compensation. Yet, another common question that often arises when discussing what qualifies as a personal injury? As previously mentioned, many individuals who have been injured in car accidents are entitled to receive financial compensation. However, there are certain factors that must be considered before applying for such benefits. Each year, thousands of people are seriously injured or killed in car accidents. Each year, there are many more who suffer life-threatening or fatal injuries as a result of being improperly rear-ended, struck by debris, or struck by a moving vehicle. Each year, the numbers of car-accident-related fatalities continue to increase. So, while many people know what constitutes personal injury, they may not know what qualifies as a life-threatening or death situation. An experienced accident injury lawyer can help you obtain the compensation you need to recoup from the stress of being injured in an accident.

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Gresham’s Law And The Practice Of Law

One of the foundational concepts of monetary theory is Gresham’s Law. Named after the Tudor-era financier who founded the Royal Exchange — who didn’t actually formulate it but gets the credit — it states that bad money drives good money out of circulation. If you have copper and zinc pennies in circulation, both nominally worth one cent, but the value of copper is higher, you create an arbitrage opportunity and gradually the copper coins will be taken out of circulation by enterprising individuals.

But the bad tends to drive out the good everywhere. Bad habits overpower good habits. Bad people push away good people. Bad procedures make good procedures irrelevant.

Keep An Eye On Your Bad Habits

So keep an eye on your bad habits. If you’re not careful, they’ll quickly overpower your good ones. No matter how carefully researched and thoughtfully drafted your brief is, a few typos will completely ruin the effect and turn the brief into a mess. One badly argued section will burn your credibility for the rest of the brief and probably the rest of the case.

This certainly doesn’t mean that you should be afraid of taking risks — in fact, timidity almost always reflects badly upon its practitioner — but you should always keep in mind that the importance of carefulness is almost always even more than you expect. Carelessness compounds, and a sloppy mistake is almost always going to draw attention. That’s in large part because you’re expected by all parties — clients, judges, and other lawyers — to be careful and present things clearly and correctly. No one will give you extra credit for doing the basic aspects of your job, nor should you expect them to.

Keep On Task And On Message

It’s likewise important to keep things on task, on message, and on a consistent theme. An otherwise clear, persuasive argument is ruined once you start rambling about some confusing or unrelated topic that the judge doesn’t follow, or start misstating an authority.

Instead, always remember to stay organized and focused, looking to shave off any areas of weakness or distraction that you can find. There are always areas to improve in any argument, and time spent on improvement is rarely wasted. When I prepare for an argument, I typically go over it in my head and type up notes, then go over the notes again and again to tighten it, find weak points to emphasize and see anywhere where I can improve. Briefs should go the same way: it never hurts to go over everything another time — including the old trick about reading it backward — to look for weaknesses and areas of improvement. And pulling in someone else never hurts. It’s sometimes shocking how, after you look too long at something, you end up missing something that is obvious when reading it the first time.

Always Keep Focused On Continual Improvement

Perhaps the best way to avoid the slow rot of Gresham’s inevitable and misattributed warning of atrophy is to focus singularly on continually improving whatever is before you. By keeping your eye on all of your potential weak spots, you can more easily find where the weaknesses actually are. So start today, and make it your goal to keep the bad from driving out the good.

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Am Law 100 Firm Rolls Back Salary Cuts, Pledges To Repay Employees In Full

Yet another Biglaw firm has walked back some of its COVID-19 austerity measures. Back in April, Pillsbury — a firm that came in 62nd place in the most recent Am Law 100 rankings, with $677,320,000 in gross revenue in 2019 — announced a series of pay cuts designed to avoid layoffs. First, the reduced partner monthly draws by a minimum of 25 percent. Then in May, the firm reduced associate and counsel compensation by 20 percent and cut all staff compensation by up to 15 percent for those who make more than $100,000 and by 10 percent for those making between $75,000 and $100,000 (with chief officers volunteering to take higher reductions, commensurate with those of partners).

Now, the firm is not only rolling back the cuts, but its repaying all employees who lost money during the height of the coronavirus crisis. From the American Lawyer:

Pillsbury said in a Thursday statement that its financial performance in the first and second quarters was strong. “Consequently, all reductions in compensation incurred in the first half of 2020 are being repaid in full and we are reducing all temporary salary reductions,” the firm said.

The adjusted salary cuts for Pillsbury associates and counsel are now 15%, down from 20%. For staff making more than $100,000, the pay cut is 10%, down from 15%, and for staff making between $75,000 and $100,000, the pay cut is 5%, down from 10%.

We believe that Pillsbury is the first firm to commit to repaying all of its employees in full for the money they lost due to the salary cuts. (Others have offered “bonus” payments as repayment, but not as an across the board policy.)

Congratulations to everyone at Pillsbury. This is great news for a great weekend.

If your firm or organization is slashing salaries, closing its doors, or reducing the ranks of its lawyers or staff, whether through open layoffs, stealth layoffs, or voluntary buyouts, please don’t hesitate to let us know. Our vast network of tipsters is part of what makes Above the Law thrive. You can email us or text us (646-820-8477).

More Firms Are Partially Restoring Pay, but Full Salaries May Wait Until 2021 [American Lawyer]

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America Was Ripe For Humiliation

In 1793, China’s Qianlong emperor dispatched a letter to King George III of Great Britain in response to the haughty demands of Lord Macartney’s embassy to Beijing. He wrote, “Our dynasty’s majestic virtue has penetrated unto every country under Heaven, and Kings of all nations have offered their costly tribute by land and sea. As your ambassador can see for himself, we possess all things. I set no value on objects strange or ingenious, and have no use for your country’s manufactures.”

Historians have lately questioned the popular interpretation of the emperor’s letter as signaling China’s rejection of modernity and setting it up for later victimization by technologically more advanced Western colonial powers. Nevertheless, one can’t deny the stark contrast between the emperor’s hubris — writing dismissively of “barbarian merchants” and asserting China’s global preeminence — and his country’s 1839 defeat in the first Opium War, kicking off its Century of Humiliation. It illustrates how rapidly a nation standing proudly at the top of the heap — China in the early 1800s was the world’s largest economy — can be brought to its knees.

China’s dramatic reversal of fortunes less than 50 years after the Qianlong emperor’s letter has been on my mind as a growing number of countries have shut their doors to American visitors due to our country’s inability to contain COVID-19. It’s a tragic reminder that it was only a matter of time before we went the way of all great powers that have experienced national decline — initially remote and equivocal, then suddenly undeniable and inexorable — after long imagining themselves invincible to the vicissitudes of history.

Where the emperor of China wrote that his country’s majestic virtue had penetrated unto every country under Heaven, we call ourselves “The Greatest Nation in the World.” Where China possessed all things and had no use for other countries’ manufactures, we boast of our “American exceptionalism” and never want for excuses for why we’re the only industrialized nation without universal healthcare.

But nobody stays on top forever. China learned that when it lost the first Opium War. Britons finally saw the sun set on their empire with the Suez Crisis of 1956. Thirty years later, the Chernobyl nuclear disaster set in motion the collapse of the Soviet Union. Scholars writing the history of the decline and fall of the American Empire will likely view COVID-19 in a similar light: the decisive event exposing and amplifying all the warning signs that we hitherto ignored or deprioritized because we were riding high and could avoid treating self-improvement or renewal with any urgency. Indeed, with 4.4 million Americans infected and 150,000 dead, “greatest” and “exceptional” have taken on a perverse new meaning.

Our country’s sudden humiliation should not be regarded as a deserved comeuppance or greeted with schadenfreude any more than the suffering experienced by countless Chinese as the Qing Dynasty crumbled and colonial powers picked over its carcass. But for ordinary Americans, decline is no longer a distant abstraction.

For example, our passport officially affords us visa-free entry to more than 180 countries, but presently leaves us looking like the uncool people outside the nightclub to whom the bouncer coldly says “not on the list” before unhooking the velvet rope for the VIPs. Our economy, which was long the envy of the world and had seen sustained and steady growth since the Obama administration, now sinks to levels of penury unseen since the Great Depression, even as other developed countries’ economies have started growing again thanks to their leaders’ smarter policies for mitigating the economic consequences of lockdowns.

Now, the deficiencies we accepted for so long are laid bare. We can no longer overlook that even before COVID-19, millions of Americans were a cancer diagnosis away from bankruptcy or left begging from strangers to pay for medical care. We can no longer dismiss that China built the world’s largest high-speed rail network in less than two decades while our already decrepit passenger rail system has to cut back on service. We can no longer disregard that people in Western European countries have long enjoyed a higher quality of life — with better pay, stronger labor protections and benefits, and greater upward mobility — than we do.

Before COVID-19, some variation of “love it or leave it” often greeted anyone with the temerity to suggest we have anything to learn from other countries, as if suggesting so were unpatriotic. After all, if you’re already convinced that you’re the Greatest Nation in the World and exceptional, why look beyond your borders and bother noticing that many other countries offer their citizens a quality of life palpably superior to ours?

That same arrogance is an underappreciated reason we ended up with Donald Trump as president and unable to dig ourselves out of the COVID-19 hole. Since the end of World War II, our peer nations have had their share of bad leaders, but with few exceptions, they have understood the importance of choosing people to helm the ship of state who are competent and put their countries’ best feet forward on the global stage. But we elected as president an individual obviously and manifestly unsuited to public office, a bigoted charlatan whose track record consisted almost entirely of failing upward and who clearly endangered the welfare of the nation and had no interest in uniting it. Racism among the electorate goes a long way to explaining Trump’s victory, but another reason is that being the Greatest Nation in the World, ever exceptional, granted us the luxury to be undiscerning about whom we put in charge.

COVID-19 has shown us we can no longer afford such wanton carelessness and arrogance.

Our arrogance doesn’t leave us incapable of self-reflection or mean that we’re behind the curve in every respect. The massive outpouring of support for Black Lives Matter dwarfs any effort among white Europeans to address the equally horrific racism, discrimination, violence, and poverty that the continent’s Roma people face. And alongside its gleaming bullet trains, China has constructed the biggest concentration camp system since World War II to detain and abuse Uyghurs and other minorities on the basis of ethnicity and religion.

It’s the capacity for national self-reflection demonstrated by BLM that mitigates my pessimism. While the COVID-19 disaster shows that we’ve finally pushed our luck too far, I’m equally hopeful that it could engender a sense of humility that could make us more receptive to the idea that maybe we’re not the best at everything and that the world indeed has a few things to teach us.

But tempered pessimism shouldn’t lead to optimism. What we need now is to instead be realistic and to accept that we have two paths to choose. The more challenging path is to become a better country and provide our people with a better quality of life. The easier path is to descend further into self-satisfied exceptionalist delusion, even while the rest of world passes us by, as our nation continues to fall apart.

Where China’s emperor wrote off Britain’s manufactures, our emperor walks naked through the streets. Let’s not allow ourselves to become the country where the kid who points out his nudity is whisked away by camo-clad secret police in an unmarked minivan.

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Trump Targets TikTok

If your teenager is showing a sudden interest in the separation of powers or other legal matters, this is probably why.

–Professor Bobby Chesney explaining Trump’s new vendetta against TikTok to the masses. In a new piece for Lawfare, Chesney gives you the quick rundown on presidential authority over foreign commerce.

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Trump Wants To Delay November 2020 Election

This is America. We are a democracy, not a dictatorship. The Constitution sets the date for the election in November. Nothing President Trump says, does, or tweets can change that fact.

— Dale Ho, director of the ACLU’s Voting Rights Project, in reaction to a tweet sent by President Donald Trump where he suggested that the November 2020 election should be delayed. That tweet can be seen below.

With Universal Mail-In Voting (not Absentee Voting, which is good), 2020 will be the most INACCURATE & FRAUDULENT Election in history. It will be a great embarrassment to the USA. Delay the Election until people can properly, securely and safely vote???

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Law Firm, Know Thyself

HBR Consulting’s roots in analyzing and advising law firms stretch back to the disco era, so when you get a chance to sit under the learning tree with HBR CEO Nicholas Quil, you take it. Over the course of the interview he graciously granted me, Quil shared his thoughts on overcoming the structural problems of law firms, how the industry can transition through the COVID-19 crisis, thriving in the coming decade, and more.

Ways Law Firms Are Structured To Fail

I’ve often argued in this space that the legal industry suffers from a lack of entrepreneurial thinking. When I asked Quil about that concept, he was quick to defend us. “Lawyers do have, I think, pretty entrepreneurial minds, pretty creative minds. It’s just how you lead an organization and create a culture that is aligned to addressing those that I think is challenging.”

In Quil’s view, what law firms really suffer from in comparison with other market sectors is a lack of incentive to reinvest the firm’s profits back into growing the business. He chalks this up to some basic structural impediments inherent in most firms.

First, lawyers and legal staff command a lot of salary. Quil sees firms as engaged in a “war for talent” that generally ensures those salaries keep creeping higher every year. Individual attorneys have little incentive to cut their own salaries for the benefit of the larger entity. Firms that try to make those cuts may see their best talents and biggest clients walk out the door to another firm that will keep that comp high. All that money spent on payroll leaves little for structural improvements.

All of this is exacerbated by the dominant law firm financial model, where the partnership cashes out at year’s end. Since there’s no inherent mechanism for retaining earnings and building up a war chest, many firms struggle to even think about investing long-term in the firm’s growth, much less systematically build out their infrastructure over a series of years.

This all means that law firm leaders hoping to push for reinvestment in the firm itself don’t have many sticks, and so they need to get creative on using carrots. “I think the challenge for a law firm leader is how do you shape a culture, how do you create a vision and a consistency in communication and alignment, that brings people together on the journey of what you’re trying to do in growing your law firm.” It takes conscious effort and buy-in from the partnership to grow an entity, but the firms that can pull it off will be far better off to grow and expand than those that simply ride their current momentum and drain the coffers every year.

Quil On COVID-19

Most of the issues being raised by the COVID-19 crisis are, in Quil’s view, nothing new. “The pandemic has just accelerated some known issues or opportunities that have persisted for a long time.”

That said, the opportunity for change is real. The shared burdens and tragedies of this crisis are creating bonds and culture that otherwise wouldn’t likely exist among law firm members. For example, whereas most law firm leaders would traditionally communicate with their firms from a podium wearing full business formal, the shift to more casual, informal Zoom meetings (with kids and pets occasionally breaking into frame) allows those same leaders to come to their teams from “a much more authentic place.”

Quil also senses that many leaders in the industry are seeing COVID-19 as not just a crisis, but an opportunity. “We’re starting to see a shift toward asking ‘How do we make some strategic transformational bets in this period of time?’ And I think people who acknowledge that you can make tough decisions but implement them compassionately given what’s going on in the world around us, that can be an exponential differentiator versus a mindset of, ‘Let us get through this period, and then we’ll tackle all these things on the other side.’”

As for how to handle those risks, Quil sees financial discipline as key. “Not having a real enough assessment of where we are in this journey” is the biggest mistake Quil sees firms making right now. “Firms right now are in an interesting spot [compared to] the projections that they modeled in spring; they fared better than those. Not as good as the original plan, but I think generally speaking firms are in a better spot than they anticipated.” Quil continued, “A lot can happen in the last three to four months of the year. You can’t overestimate the importance of continuing to have strong financial discipline.” Rather than simply distributing unexpected cash to the partners, Quil suggested that investing in infrastructure or bringing aboard new talent are likely stronger long-term plays to keep firms primed to compete and grow.

Lean Into Who You Are

Quil added that he sees many firms as suffering from a lack of internal identity. “There’s probably not enough true reflection across the industry of what business or what segment of the market we are in as a law firm, and doubling down on what makes [a firm] unique. I think there are firms who are doing that, and I think they are excelling. They’re probably less impacted by competition and price sensitivity to their clients because their clients value them for who they are; they’re not trying to be all things to all people.”

Quil advises firm leaders to spend this time figuring out who they are as a firm and using that knowledge to double down on their key clients. “What can you do to go engage proactively with a certain segment of your client base to say ‘Here’s some observations around what’s happening in the portfolio of work that we’ve done with you historically, here’s some observations on what’s happening from a regulatory standpoint in the industry, and here’s how we think we should be thinking more proactively with you?’”

Most firms struggle to engage in that kind of self-reflection, whether due to a lack of training in such analysis or the more general pressures of the billable hour model to always be moving on to the next chargeable project. “It’s tough to do that in a law firm environment just given the way information flows as well as the metrics that are measured,” Quil said. Spending that non-billable time on self-examination can be worth it, however, for firms that find ways to unlock new value for their clients. In an ever-more-competitive market, clients appreciate the firms that appreciate their budgets and outcomes and are visibly working on improving both.

Tomorrow’s Firms Today

Lastly, I asked Quil to peer into his crystal ball and tell me what the legal industry looks like in 10 years. Quil said that he sees the current flexibility of the COVID-19 quarantine remaining largely in place, even after a vaccine is found. Firms that continue to offer that flexibility and that tailor their cultures around it, will be best situated to continue waging Quil’s war for talent.

Quil also spoke of the market continuing to segment away from all-in-one firms and more toward specific firms for specific needs. “It’s not a great analogy, but think about the automobile industry. They’re all cars, right? But what’s the purpose of the vehicle you need? Is it a heavy-duty pickup truck? Is it a sedan? An SUV? A sports car?” Quil anticipates the legal service market moving in the same direction, with law firms filling niches depending on the sophistication and cost needs of their clients, with ALSPs and the Big Four nipping at our heels all the way.

The moral of the story for today’s law firm leadership is to focus on understanding what niche their firm fills and expanding into that identity. “The opportunity for law firms is in understanding who you are as a law firm, understanding what makes you unique. It’s not what you believe makes you’re unique but what your clients believe makes you unique and really leaning into that. Don’t get distracted with a homogeneous narrative on what the legal industry is doing. Run your own playbook.”

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Florida Supreme Court Chief Justice Apologizes For The Epic Failure That Was The Canceled State Bar Exam

We acknowledge and accept the criticism that has been directed at the court and the Board of Bar Examiners. Our inability to offer the bar examination in August was a failure. We apologize for that failure. I can’t guarantee you that the path forward will be flawless, but I can guarantee you that we have learned from this mistake and that it will not be repeated.

— Chief Justice Charles Canady of the Florida Supreme Court, apologizing to all candidates for the state’s bar exam that was supposed to take place earlier this week, via video. The bar exam was canceled at the last minute due to technical issues. Canady promised that Florida would hold a bar exam, “one way or another,” in October. 

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Watch Out! The DEA Just Passed a BAD Interim Rule Impacting Hemp CBD and Other Cannabinoids

On August 20, 2020, the Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) issued an interim rule on hemp, hemp-derived CBD (Hemp CBD) and other hemp-derived cannabinoids.

According to the DEA, “[t]he interim final rule merely conforms DEA’s regulations to the statutory amendments to the [Controlled Substances Act (CSA)] that have already taken effect, and it does not add additional requirements to the regulations.”

If you’re in the hemp derivative business, trust the DEA at your own peril. While it is true that the 2018 Farm Bill did legalize hemp, hemp derivatives, hemp extracts, and cannabinoids in hemp, it did not explicitly cover hemp processing. I recently wrote about this regulatory gap and you can see it on an infographic.

The regulatory gap that skips over hemp processing is relevant to understand the danger of the DEA’s interim rule and how it is inconsistent with the 2018 Farm Bill.

The 2018 Farm Bill defines hemp as the plant Cannabis Sativa L. with a delta-9 THC concentration of not more than 0.3 percent on a dry weight basis. The 2018 Farm Bill also defines hemp to include all derivatives, extracts, and cannabinoids of hemp. It is undeniable that the hemp plant and hemp derivatives, extracts, and cannabinoids are no longer controlled substances. It would then logically follow that it is legal to process the hemp plant into legal derivatives, extracts, and cannabinoids. The DEA’s interim rule however, does not take that into account.

Here is the dangerous language from the DEA’s interim rule:

[The 2018 Farm Bill limits] the definition of marihuana to only include cannabis or cannabis-derived material that contain more than 0.3% delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol (also known as Δ9-THC) on a dry weight basis. Thus, to fall within the current CSA definition of  marihuana, cannabis and cannabis-derived material must both fall within the pre-[2018 Farm Bill] CSA definition of marihuana and contain more than 0.3 percent Δ9-THC on a dry weight basis. Pursuant to the [2018 Farm Bill], unless specifically controlled elsewhere under the CSA, any material previously controlled under Controlled Substance Code Number 7360 (marihuana) or under Controlled Substance Code Number 7350 (marihuana extract), that contains 0.3% or less of Δ9-THC on a dry weight basis—i.e., “hemp” as that term defined under the [2018 Farm Bill]—is not controlled. Conversely, any such material that contains greater than 0.3% of Δ9-THC on a dry weight basis remains controlled in schedule I.

In order to extract cannabinoids from hemp, hemp plant material must go through an extraction process. This extraction process almost certainly results in a temporary increase in Delta-9 THC. As cannabinoids are isolated it is nearly impossible to control the levels of delta-9 THC from increasing through that process. This means that under the DEA’s interim rule, the processor would be in possession of a schedule I substance, even if the processor dilutes the end product down to the requisite level of 0.3% delta-9 THC or destroys any delta-9 THC by product.

To be clear, the DEA is not just saying that an end product cannot contain more than 0.3% delta-9 THC. It takes a bad-faith reading of the 2018 Farm Bill to assert that delta-9 THC-rich products derived from hemp are no longer controlled substances. For example, if a processor extracted delta-9 THC from hemp and sold it as a delta-9 THC isolate, it would be hard to argue that the 2018 Farm Bill exempted that product from the CSA. And if the DEA were only saying that end-use products could not contain more than 0.3% delta-9 THC, that would be fairly uncontroversial. The 2018 Farm Bill clearly indicates that it is not removing intoxicating delta-9 THC from the CSA after all.

But here is the issue: the 2018 Farm Bill does account for hemp derivatives, extracts, and cannabinoids. It follows that the legislative intent was not to make processing hemp into extracts, derivatives, and cannabinoids a violation of the CSA. The DEA has either unintentionally or deliberately failed to account for this nuance and it could have a major chilling effect on the Hemp CBD industry or the fast-growing delta-8 THC market. I’ll let you decide whether the DEA is ignorant or nefarious, but I believe that this is an intentional move by the DEA to maintain its authority over cannabis. To be fair I also think the DEA should be disbanded so maybe I am biased.

Regardless of the intent behind the rule, it does create real criminal risk for anyone who processes hemp. If you are concerned about this you can submit comments to the DEA until October 20, 2020. The interim rule is effective as of August 21, so it is currently the law of the land despite still being open for comment.

We will continue to monitor for any enforcement actions taken by the DEA and will continue to write about the DEA’s rule and its impact on the hemp industry, including Hemp CBD and hemp-derived delta-8 THC.

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Some Musings About Lawyers, Past, Present, And Future

This past week saw the deaths of former Illinois Governor James “Big Jim” Thompson and former Finley Kumble partner, Steven Kumble. First, Thompson, who deserved the name “Big Jim” as he was 6’ 6″. As U.S. Attorney for the Northern District of Illinois, before serving four terms as governor, Thompson’s office prosecuted a variety of political corruption cases. He did not lack for case selection , given the Democratic machine that had run Chicago for years.

He was one of the reasons why I decided to go to law school. In 1973, I was in Chicago working as a radio news reporter. I covered the trial of then Seventh Circuit Judge Otto Kerner, former governor of Illinois, who was on trial for political corruption. Thompson represented the government, and Judge Kerner was represented by Paul Connolly of the D.C. firm, Williams, Connolly and Califano. These names won’t mean much if anything to millennials and those younger. Kerner was convicted.

To see Thompson and Connolly represent their respective clients was to watch grace in action, always courteous to each other, often deferential to witnesses, but I knew that I was watching masters at the game, and I decided that that was what I wanted to do, to try cases.

Steven Kumble was a partner of one of the very first large nationwide law firms in the ’80s. For those readers who are not of dinosaurial vintage, the name will mean nothing, but for those of us who practiced way back in the 1980s and before, the name meant something. Kumble was the managing partner of what was one of the very first “megafirms,” but the firm’s story was also a cautionary tale of what can happen when a big firm goes awry.

Finley Kinble grew and grew and grew, and at the end it had more than 700 lawyers, but its foundation wasn’t very solid. It crashed and burned toward the end of the decade, filing bankruptcy and then a subsequent liquidation. Was it a harbinger? IMHO, the firm did not have a particularly good reputation; the lawyers were not courteous (at least not in my experience here in Los Angeles); dealing with them was no fun. The firm ditched the collegial attitude, which had been the way of practice, for a contentious approach. In the end, that approach did not serve the firm well. Schadenfreude.

I often wonder if the megafirms of today have learned the lessons of Finley Kunble, especially in this teetering economy, where partners are clawing back work that they would have, in flusher times, given to associates. Remember it’s all about the billables. Always has been and always will be.

Why do you want to go to law school? Is this a good time to spend the next three/four years waiting out the economic mess learning how to lawyer? Are you willing to take the financial risk on an uncertain future?

The employment rate for lawyers in 2019 was the highest it had been since 2007. But 2019 is not 2020. Uncertainty looms large, not just in employment opportunities, but even if there will be bar exams in some states, and if not, how will the 2020 graduates get to practice. Diploma privilege?

Given the fiascos of summer 2020 bar exams to date, with Florida being the latest to crash and burn, I wonder if California will have same or similar issues with its bar exam, now set for early October. What happens if there are any glitches (and I would be surprised if there aren’t some snafus.) Is there a contingency plan?

And it’s not just the legal profession that is in a state of flux. There’s a cautionary tale in a New York Times media column about the slashing and burning of senior Warner Bros. executives. AT&T, which acquired Warner Bros. several years ago, has told these employees that the landscape has changed, they have been unceremoniously shown the door, and the new is not at all like the old. Streaming services now rule the landscape and the old Hollywood, the one of movie studios, is on life support. The days of the Hollywood moguls are history, as is the way it distributed content. Why do I mention this?

If you haven’t been paying attention to how the legal landscape has been changing and will continue to do so, you need to start paying attention now. The profession I joined more than 40 years ago is just about unrecognizable in many years. It’s rife with innovation. From the various forms of technology now available, artificial intelligence, alternative legal service providers, data analytics (?), even such prosaic things as office equipment and the ability to work from home (even before the pandemic), the delivery of legal services is now more competitive, more price sensitive than ever before, and changes will continue.

While the legal profession is not a declining industry in the way that Hollywood seems to be, if you are not willing to keep up with change, it will leave you in the dust of old law library books. (Remember those?) Make sure that your choice to go to law school is not just a place marker until things improve, a date yet to be determined. Don’t waste your time and money if it’s not something you really want to do. It’s never been an easy way to make a living and it will be even harder in the years ahead.

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TCPA Claims: Will the Supreme Court Come to the Rescue?

After we discussed TCPA claims in our last webinar, we received a few follow-up questions relating to the somewhat recent Supreme Court decision in Barr v. American Ass’n of Political Consultants (“Political Consultants”) and its impact on TCPA claims going forward. Here’s the deal:

Political Consultants is not really going to have an effect on the TCPA lawsuits that are currently rocking the cannabis industry. (See my recent posts on the topic, here and here.) In Political Consultants, one narrow issue before the Supreme Court was whether the government-debt exception to the TCPA’s “automated call” restriction violated the First Amendment – and if it did violate, whether the appropriate remedy would be to invalidate the call restriction completely.

The Supreme Court could have decided this inquiry in its entirety, but it instead severed the government-debt exception from the remainder of the statute in its analysis and narrowly decided that only the government-debt exception violates the First Amendment. Because the Supreme Court left the call restriction otherwise intact, Political Consultants is not going to have any impact on the cannabis industry: the government-debt exception isn’t at issue in any of the pending cases around the country.

There is still hope for some – a lesser known case, Facebook, Inc. v. Duguid (“Duguid”), is also currently before the Supreme Court on the issue of whether the definition of an ATDS “encompasses any device that can ‘store’ and ‘automatically dial’ telephone numbers, even if the device does not ‘us[e] a random or sequential number generator.’” Currently, the Circuits are split on this issue – the Third, Seventh, and Eleventh Circuits read the TCPA to apply only to devices with the capacity to generate random or sequential telephone numbers and dial those numbers. The Ninth and Second Circuits have held that “the statutory definition of ATDS is not limited to devices with the capacity to call numbers produced by a ‘random or sequential number generator, but also includes devices with the capacity to dial stored numbers automatically.” Marks v. Crunch San Diego, LLC, 904 F.3d 1041, 1052 (9th Cir. 2018).

What does this mean? In cases where the plaintiff only asserts that the defendant made phone calls or sent texts from lists of customer data, rather than through randomly generated numbers, Duguid could completely gut the value of those claims.

Due to the pendency of Duguid, a notable trend in TCPA litigation is the defendant’s filing of a motion to “stay” – a mechanism by which a case can be paused for a definite (or indefinite) period of time. Courts have generally held that stay requests are reasonable where a Supreme Court decision expected in the following term could moot some or all issues in the case. Other courts have denied a stay outright, but chose to limit the parties’ discovery to issues that would not be mooted by a forthcoming decision.

Defendants in these TCPA claims would do well to evaluate whether requesting a stay makes sense under the specific facts of their case. This move might ultimately be nothing more than kicking the can down the road, but it may help a ton given the uncertain economic situation most are facing.

What does all of this mean of readers? If you are a cannabis business working with a marketing company or other vendor on “direct contact” outreach, don’t hesitate to give us a call to ensure that you are on the right side of the law here. Alternatively, if you have been on the receiving end of any automated dial or text campaigns, please email me at to share your experience and discuss whether taking action could be warranted.

TCPA Claims: Will the Supreme Court Come to the Rescue? Read More »

The Few Or The Many: A Timeless Question

“Do VERY FEW projects EXCEPTIONALLY well. No one will remember how much work you have done. They will NEVER FORGET the ONE thing you effed up.” I received this well-intentioned advice frequently as a summer associate when I split my summer between two well-known national law firms after my 2L year.

But how do you figure out what area of law you like best if you are limited in what you’re exposed to?!

How do you find your place in the vast legal universe if you only see a minuscule fraction of it?!

How do you decide where to focus for 5, 10, 20 years, perhaps your entire career, if you don’t test-drive it?!

If your law school is less than practical and your summer clerkship strategy is to do as few projects as possible, it seems like clairvoyance is a must-have skill for a successful future lawyer. Maybe they should add a section for it on the LSAT!

When it comes to summer clerkships and internships, which is a better strategy – doing a few things exceptionally well or many things 95% there? I crowdsourced this question to my followers.

The Pragmatists

Sean Rayani, commercial contracts senior manager at Twilio, said, “As a lawyer or legal professional, you will not have the luxury to just do a few things when you start practicing (especially if you start in-house at technology companies in their infancy).  There will be times where you will have the kitchen sink thrown at you, and you will have to get it all done.”

He explained, “Inevitably, you can not do everything perfectly if you have an overflowing plate, but you will have to do the best you can. Reenacting what you will experience once you start practicing during a summer clerkship, in my opinion, serves as a really good training and expectation setting for the legal profession generally.”

Likewise, Sarah Feingold, co-founder of the Fourth Floor and former GC of Etsy and Vroom, advised, “I say — try a lot of things, talk to a lot of people, and then prioritize, focus on doing a few things well, and periodically take a step back to reevaluate how your career is proceeding.”

The Go-Getters

Jamie Szal, Maine state and local tax attorney at Brann & Isaacson, said, “My law school was structured on a co-op model: normal 1L year, then switch to 4 alternating quarters each of class and internship. That model spat out graduates with literally twice as much experience as most new law grads, because we had to do 4 full-time 12-week posts to graduate.”

She continued, “I highly, highly recommend pursuing not only summer positions but also internships, externships, clinics, and other practical skill-building opportunities throughout law school to maximize exposure to different practices. For those like me who had a good sense of what we were interested in, use those opportunities as a finely honed tool: explore different work environments within the same field of practice.”

The Learn-As-You-Goers

Lisa Lang, general counsel of Kentucky State University, said, “I never set out with a plan in terms of the practice area. I initially gravitated toward whatever opportunity I found.” She continued, “After several years of practice, I realized where I was strong and where I was weak. That realization helped guide my choices and made me more selective in terms of the opportunities I pursued (and later enjoyed). My choices, at the time, did not appear to make sense.  Looking back now, everything makes complete sense.”

Rachel Coll, lawyer and certified life coach at Rachel Coll Coaching, observed, “I’m a big believer in sampling what you might like, and making decisions as you go. I was always a ‘learn by doing’ kind of lawyer. That’s just me. I loved treating the practice of law like a buffet of practice areas that I just sampled until I was full, and I think this experience helps me look back at my legal career as something that I thoroughly enjoyed.”

The Strategic Type

Anjie Vichayanonda, founder and CEO of Leg Up Legal, explained, “We have to constantly try new things, see if they work, and fail A LOT. If you’re not failing, you’re not growing. Do more. Fail more. Fail hard. Fail fast. And you will learn better. For young lawyers, I would urge you to find a firm with a culture that allows you to explore, challenge yourself, and fail in a safe space. I know it’s extremely difficult to find, but in the long run, it will make you a better lawyer.”

Neil Greenbaum, partner at Greenbaum Law Firm and a former general counsel, said, “As a law student, it would certainly make sense to learn as much as you can in various areas of law. That way, you can actually have some idea of what you might like over what you might not like. However, as a seasoned practitioner, you do want to do a few things as possible exceptionally well.”

The Formulaic Type

“80-20 rule — Pareto rules all the way. Do multiple things 80% [then] focus on a few things with 100%. Use the same rule to pick what 20% of those projects you are working on that will likely drive 80% attention from management or provide you learning experience, and provide extra focus on these projects, and less focus on the others.” Yosr Hussein Hamza, director, legal and ombudsman affairs, Middle East at Gartner, explained.

She continued, “You never know which chance at this age can help you know which area of law you’d like to practice. And this rule helped me so much to date. Perfectionism leads [nowhere] eventually.”

This is a question for which there is no universal answer. As demonstrated by the diversity in answers, it’s a dynamic that each person must be mindful of for themselves, in shaping their own career and balancing learning more with doing good work. But it’s also not a question that is settled once you’re a few years in. Careers are constantly changing, and with more and more opportunities to adapt, lifelong learning is part of what it means to be a modern lawyer. We should all, then, stay intentional about how we can learn new skills while continuing to do our current job well.

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DEA Interim Final Rule: What Is “Synthetically Derived THC”?

On Friday, the Drug Enforcement Administration (“DEA”) released an Interim Final Rule (the “Rule”) that, as we discussed, threatens the hemp industry by treating partially processed hemp extract not intended for consumption (also known as “intermediary hemp”) as a Schedule I controlled substance. This is hugely problematic because intermediary hemp is an essential and necessary component of the industry.

In addition, the Rule addresses the legality of “synthetically derived tetrahydrocannabinols,” which could also impact the hemp industry. Specifically, the Rule provides that:

For tetrahydrocannabinols that are naturally occurring constituents of the plant material, Cannabis sativa L., any material that contains 0.3% or less of D9 -THC by dry weight is not controlled, unless specifically controlled elsewhere under the CSA. Conversely, for tetrahydrocannabinols that are naturally occurring constituents of Cannabis sativa L., any such material that contains greater than 0.3% of D9 -THC by dry weight remains a controlled substance in schedule I. The [2018 Farm Bill] does not impact the control status of synthetically derived tetrahydrocannabinols (for Controlled Substance Code Number 7370) because the statutory definition of “hemp” is limited to materials that are derived from the plant Cannabis sativa L. For synthetically derived tetrahydrocannabinols, the concentration of D9 -THC is not a determining factor in whether the material is a controlled substance. All synthetically derived tetrahydrocannabinols remain schedule I controlled substances.
(Emphasis added).

Neither the Rule nor Federal law, including the federal Controlled Substances Act (the “CSA”), expressly define “synthetically derived tetrahydrocannabinols.” However, some of the DEA regulations address the issue of “synthetic THC” in the context of (1) “synthetic marijuana,” also known as “Spice” or “K2,” which is listed under Section 812(c)(d) of the CSA; and (2) the schedule I listing of “Tetrahydrocannabinol” (“THC”), under Section 812(c)(c)(17) of the CSA.

In the context of “synthetic marijuana,” which the DEA describes as a “synthetic version of THC,” “synthetic THC” refers to a mixture of plant material sprayed with synthetic psychoactive chemicals. In a 2017 Resource Guide, the DEA further explains that “[s]ynthetic cannabinoids are not organic, but are chemical compounds created in a laboratory.” (Emphasis added).

In the context of the schedule I listing of “Tetrahydrocannabinol,” the DEA revised its regulations in 2003 to specify that the term refers to both “natural” and “synthetic” THC; however, the agency’s clarification did not touch on the actual meaning of “synthetic.”

Therefore, based on the information found in the DEA regulations and publications, it appears the agency refers to the ordinary meaning of “synthetic,” which the Merriam-Webster Online Dictionary defines as a substance “relating to, or produced by chemical or biochemical synthesis.” As a result, this definition suggests that the Rule, specifically the text in bold above, may extend to hemp-derived THC cannabinoids with a Delta-9 THC concentration that does not exceed 0.3%.

This, in turn, would mean that the hottest cannabinoid currently found on the U.S. market, Delta-8 THC, would probably be treated as a schedule I controlled substance by the DEA. This is because Delta-8 THC, which is not expressed in sufficient concentrations in most hemp cultivars to make its extraction economically viable, is produced through a chemical reaction initiation by a catalyst that converts hemp-derived CBD (“Hemp CBD”). As such, Delta-8 THC would be a “synthetically derived THC” substance, in accordance with the Rule.

Although such interpretation of the Rule would suggest a total disregard of the 2018 Farm Bill, which legalized hemp, including hemp derivatives (a “derivative” is defined as “a substance that can be made from another substances”), it is also fairly clear that the 2018 Farm Bill did not intend to legalize any form of cannabis that gets users high. And that is where the provisions regarding Delta-9 THC come in.

Moreover, given the similarities between Delta-8 THC and Delta-9 THC’s chemical structures, molecular formula and molecular weight, their psychoactive effects, and the DEA’s position on and its historical control of all forms of THC, the Rule only confirms what many of us expected: that hemp-derived cannabinoids with psychoactive effects, even if less potent than those of Delta-9 THC, would be deemed unlawful by federal enforcement groups.

Ultimately, the Rule and the issues raised in this blog post reveal that lingering confusion and statutory ambiguities should be addressed by Congress or by the courts before the DEA gets to adopt such regulations.

Consequently, hemp stakeholders should comment on the Rule through October 20 and reach out to their elected officials to help them understand the importance of these issues and the need to clarify the legality of all hemp-derived substances, including hemp-derived THC cannabinoids produced through a chemical synthesis, to help the hemp industry follow its course and succeed.

DEA Interim Final Rule: What Is “Synthetically Derived THC”? Read More »